What is gum disease?

Gum disease is a disease process which arise from inadequate removal of plaque and often leads to bleeding, receding and/or swollen gums as well as bad breath. Although painless at the early stage, in advanced stages, there is usually significant loss of surrounding bone (which are the supporting structures for the tooth). This often results in tooth loosening, and can cause considerable pain when chewing. By this stage, extraction of the tooth is more often than not, the only treatment available, as dental bone loss is permanent and cannot “grow” back.